Hyanggyo in History
Hyanggyos were first established during the Goryeo dynasty (918-1392 A.D.) It is a part of the Confucian-based education (during King Seongjong’s reign) even though the country’s official religion was Buddhism at that time.
King Taejo (1392-98 AD) specially supported it during the Joseon Dynasty. It served as the secondary level of academic institutions for the children of the elite upper-class called yangban in the rural areas. These children would usually start at Seodang, the primary level before moving up to Hyanggyo in the rural area or Sahak in the more urban setting.
Currently, there are three Hyanggyos that you can still find in Cheonan. There is one each in Mokcheon, Jiksan, and Dongnam-gu. The last one is more popularly known as Cheonan Hyanggyo. This time, we will cover the Jiksan Hyanggyo in the northern part of Cheonan City, near Pyeongtaek.